Though it is the belief of many people, it is not always true that all gingivitis will progress to periodontitis. If you treat Gingivitis well, there no sign of periodontitis where as if gingivitis is treated well, it may not advance to periodontitis.
In case of gingivitis, at first bacteria in plaque build-up causes gum to become inflamed and due to which it can easily bleed while brushing up of your teeth. If it is not treated well, it may cause the gums to pull away from the teeth and form spaces, often referred to as pockets which becomes infected and leads to periodontitis. If it’s not treated at the early stage, the gums, bones and tissue supporting the teeth will eventually be destroyed, leading to removal of teeth.
Causes of Gum Disease:
The primary cause gum ailments are plaque. Apart from this there are also some other things which may be the reason for the troubles and they are:
Bad Habits such as smoking makes it difficult for the gum tissue to repair itself and react to the medications properly. Bad oral hygiene such as not brushing on a regular basis may also be a cause.
Hormonal changes that occur during monthly menstruation, puberty, pregnancy and menopause also makes the gum more and more sensitive, making it easier for gingivitis to develop.
Various diseases such as cancer, HIV, diabetes may interfere with the immune system of a person due to which infections in their gums, including diseases such as periodontitis, cavities et cetera may result.
Medications can also affect your oral health. As it is known that the flow of saliva acts as a protective layer on teeth and gums, but certain medications may lessen its flow due to which your oral health may be at risk.
Genetic effect: If anyone in your family had suffered from this disease, then it may also be a factor for your disease.
Symptoms of Gum disease:
Bleeding of gum during and after brushing up of teeth, Red and swollen gums, Bad breath and bad taste in the mouth that are persistent, loose or shifting teeth, formation of pockets between the teeth and the gum are some of the symptoms that can be seen.
How Gum disease is treated?
Deep Cleaning: A deep-cleaning method such as scaling and root planning may be used by the dentists.
Medications: There are various medications that are available today to get somewhat relieve, but for a permanent cure surgical treatment is recommended. However, it totally depends on how much affected the person is.
Surgical treatments: Various surgical treatments such as Flap Surgery, Bone and tissue grafts and certain other treatments may be used.